Hygiene plays a crucial component of a baby's overall care. Practicing a good hygiene is extremely important to keep your baby happy and healthy all the time.

Eight essential hygiene rules for your baby. Here are eight simple good hygiene practices to adopt when you have a baby.

  • Washing your hands with a good antibacterial soap is essential for removing harmful bacteria and germs that cause colds, flu, diarrhea and other infections. Be sure to dry your hands properly and wash your hand towels regularly. It's especially important to wash your hands before feeding your baby, after handling raw food, after changing a nappy or going to the toilet yourself, after touching pets, after touching anything dirty such as dirty nappies, rubbish or food waste.
  • You don't need to clean the house every day from top to bottom with disinfectant, you just need to pay particular attention to the surfaces that are most likely to harbour germs and bacteria. Focus on the areas that have a lot of contact with food, bodies and hands, such as bathrooms, kitchen benches, tables, crockery, cutlery and glassware. You need to be cleaning these properly. Use hot water with detergent for crockery, cutlery and glasses, while kitchens and bathrooms will need a thorough clean with a good disinfectant. Pay particular attention to taps, toilet seats, benches and door handles. Dry surfaces as well if they are not in a well-ventilated area with natural light.
  • Babies love to put things into their mouths, and toys are often the closest thing to hand. Be sure to regularly give your child's toys a clean with a good disinfectant. Wipe hard plastic toys down and make sure you rinse them thoroughly or put plush toys through the washing machine.
  • A good bath is essential for keeping your baby clean and tidy, but you need to make sure you are not over-washing as this is damaging to your baby's sensitive skin. In the first year of your baby's life a full bath is necessary only two or three times a week. Check out our step-by-step guide to bathing your baby.
  • These are three areas that need some special attention. Always keep your baby's nails well-trimmed so that they can't scratch themselves — the best time to trim them is when your baby is asleep. Be sure to use baby-sized nail clippers and not to cut the nails too short as these will hurt your baby.
  • Only wash the outside of your baby's ears, never the inside, and never insert cotton wool buds into your baby's ears. If your baby is unhappy and touching their ears repeatedly, this could be a sign of infection — be sure to get this looked at by a medical professional.
  • Clean any dried mucous from your baby's nose, as this can cause difficulty breathing. Use a damp wash cloth to gently remove the dried mucous. A nasal syringe may be needed to help remove excess mucous, but consult your baby's health practitioner before using one of these.
  • Be sure to keep your baby's eyes clear of any dried mucous. Use damp cotton wool to gently clean their eyes and seek medical attention if you notice your baby's eyes are irritated.

12 simple ways to make a smarter baby

12 simple wasy to make a smarter baby

The first year of your baby’s life is crucial for his development. Try these fun activities to stimulate your little one.

The post 12 simple ways to make a smarter baby appeared first on Living and Loving.

12 simple wasy to make a smarter baby

The first year of your baby’s life is crucial for his development. Try these fun activities to stimulate your little one.

The post 12 simple ways to make a smarter baby appeared first on Living and Loving.

12 simple wasy to make a smarter baby

Baby development experts believe that the first year of a child’s life are a prime time for learning. “Babies’ brains are adaptable and mouldable (called brain plasticity), which means that there is a willingness and an adaptability to learn new tasks,” explains occupational therapist Jacqui Couper in her book The Precious Years: A Guide to Early Childhood Development – Birth to Three Years.

ALSO SEE: What you need to know about your baby’s development

Jacqui suggests these ideas to stimulate your baby:

Fun activities for baby’s birth to 3 months

Newborn babies have much to learn, but they also need a lot of sleep.

  • Let your little one lie under a tree so he can watch the shadows and shapes.
  • Small babies focus better on strongly contrasting colours like black and white. A more complex pattern will also grab your little one’s attention.
  • Mobiles are fun for babies, but they can only concentrate for short periods. Limit the number of toys on the mobile and use contrasting patterns.

ALSO SEE: 7 developmental games you can play with your baby

Activities for babies from 4 to 6 months

Your little one is becoming more responsive to his surroundings and to the people he sees every day.

  • Encourage your little one to reach out and interact with his image in a mirror, by pointing out his “friends”.
  • Use toys with sound to attract his attention, and encourage him to follow the noise.
  • Incorporate as much tummy time as possible and encourage your little one to reach for toys just out of his grasp.

Activities for babies from 6 to 9 months

Babies at this age start using their arms and legs to move from the sitting to the crawling position when they want to reach toys.

  • Talk to your baby and explain what you are doing and where you are going. It might sound like you’re talking to yourself but you’d be amazed to know just how much your little one can already understand at this point.
  • Place toys at the sides of your baby while he is sitting, not just in front of him. This will help to encourage his sitting balance.
  • Give your little one toys with different shapes, textures and weights to play with.

ALSO SEE: 33 fun games and activities to do with your baby at ever age

Activities for babies from 9 to 12 months

From now on there is no stopping your baby from moving and exploring, so be vigilant.

  • This may be challenging for small babies, but encourage your baby to look inside containers and to take small objects out and put them back.
  • Make a picture-book of all the familiar people in your baby’s life. This will help to develop your baby’s memory.
  • Bath time is not only fun for little ones, but is filled with learning opportunities. Babies can feel the water with their hands, catch a floating boat and pour the bath water from cups. Give your little one appropriate toys to play with during bath time.

ALSO SEE: Tips to stimulate your baby’s senses.


The post 12 simple ways to make a smarter baby appeared first on Living and Loving.

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