Hygiene plays a crucial component of a baby's overall care. Practicing a good hygiene is extremely important to keep your baby happy and healthy all the time.

Eight essential hygiene rules for your baby. Here are eight simple good hygiene practices to adopt when you have a baby.

  • Washing your hands with a good antibacterial soap is essential for removing harmful bacteria and germs that cause colds, flu, diarrhea and other infections. Be sure to dry your hands properly and wash your hand towels regularly. It's especially important to wash your hands before feeding your baby, after handling raw food, after changing a nappy or going to the toilet yourself, after touching pets, after touching anything dirty such as dirty nappies, rubbish or food waste.
  • You don't need to clean the house every day from top to bottom with disinfectant, you just need to pay particular attention to the surfaces that are most likely to harbour germs and bacteria. Focus on the areas that have a lot of contact with food, bodies and hands, such as bathrooms, kitchen benches, tables, crockery, cutlery and glassware. You need to be cleaning these properly. Use hot water with detergent for crockery, cutlery and glasses, while kitchens and bathrooms will need a thorough clean with a good disinfectant. Pay particular attention to taps, toilet seats, benches and door handles. Dry surfaces as well if they are not in a well-ventilated area with natural light.
  • Babies love to put things into their mouths, and toys are often the closest thing to hand. Be sure to regularly give your child's toys a clean with a good disinfectant. Wipe hard plastic toys down and make sure you rinse them thoroughly or put plush toys through the washing machine.
  • A good bath is essential for keeping your baby clean and tidy, but you need to make sure you are not over-washing as this is damaging to your baby's sensitive skin. In the first year of your baby's life a full bath is necessary only two or three times a week. Check out our step-by-step guide to bathing your baby.
  • These are three areas that need some special attention. Always keep your baby's nails well-trimmed so that they can't scratch themselves — the best time to trim them is when your baby is asleep. Be sure to use baby-sized nail clippers and not to cut the nails too short as these will hurt your baby.
  • Only wash the outside of your baby's ears, never the inside, and never insert cotton wool buds into your baby's ears. If your baby is unhappy and touching their ears repeatedly, this could be a sign of infection — be sure to get this looked at by a medical professional.
  • Clean any dried mucous from your baby's nose, as this can cause difficulty breathing. Use a damp wash cloth to gently remove the dried mucous. A nasal syringe may be needed to help remove excess mucous, but consult your baby's health practitioner before using one of these.
  • Be sure to keep your baby's eyes clear of any dried mucous. Use damp cotton wool to gently clean their eyes and seek medical attention if you notice your baby's eyes are irritated.

Could your baby have diet-related colic?

Could your baby have diet-related colic?

Look out for these signs, PLUS expert advice to relieve the symptoms. By Tammy Jacks

The post Could your baby have diet-related colic? appeared first on Living and Loving.

Could your baby have diet-related colic?

Look out for these signs, PLUS expert advice to relieve the symptoms. By Tammy Jacks

The post Could your baby have diet-related colic? appeared first on Living and Loving.

Could your baby have diet-related colic?

Does your baby fuss and cry endlessly at the same time each night, for hours on end? According to the American Academy of Paediatrics, this is a classic sign of colic, which affects around a fifth of all babies between the ages of two and four weeks. Colic is generally diagnosed when a little one cries for three hours or more, most days of the week, for more than three weeks.


What causes colic?

There is no single cause of colic, but experts tend to agree on two main causes – overstimulation and diet-related colic linked to a mother’s breastmilk or a baby’s formula.


Occupational therapist and parenting expert Meg Faure as well as clinic nurse Ann Richardson, believe that colic-type symptoms arise when a baby is overstimulated towards the end of the day, and the child becomes inconsolable because they can’t yet self-soothe or self-regulate effectively. “In young babies, the process of filtering out unnecessary or excessive sensory input is not yet mature. So, your newborn will be easily overstimulated, which can result in colic and mean your little one won’t fall asleep easily,” explains Meg. To prevent this type of colic, Meg says it’s important to ease your baby into the world by ensuring he doesn’t become overstimulated. The truth is, for newborns, just being alive is enough stimulation, so massage, touch, holding and talking is all your baby needs in terms of stimulation.

Signs your baby is overstimulated:

  • Looking away or ‘spacing out’
  • Hiccups
  • Grimacing and rubbing his eyes
  • Crying and moaning
  • Pulling his legs up

ALSO SEE: 10 ways to calm an overstimulated baby

Diet-related colic

Sometimes, in breastfed babies, colic is a sign of sensitivity to a food in the mother’s diet, say experts from the American Academy of Paediatrics. This type of discomfort is caused, only rarely, by sensitivity to milk protein in formula. If your child is on formula and you suspect the type he’s on is causing colicky symptoms, speak to your paediatrician immediately.

Nutritionist and wellness expert Desi Horsman suggests watching out for these symptoms:  

  • Your child brings his knees up to his stomach often after a feed
  • He arches backwards often
  • He clenches his fists
  • He moans a lot and appears to be restless, especially after a feed
  • He has regular bouts of reflux and vomiting
  • He cries inconsolably (as described above)

Foods to watch out for

“Remember that any food you’re slightly intolerant to or makes your stomach bloated and gassy, will have the same effect on your baby,” warns Desi. If you’re concerned that your little one’s colic is due to your diet, steer clear of these common food culprits, but also see a dietician who can advise a balanced diet while breastfeeding since some of these foods are rich in nutrients and shouldn’t be cut out unnecessarily.

  • Dairy – this is one of the biggest causes of reflux and colic and is quite controversial given that your baby is feeding on milk. Modern methods of processing dairy may be a big contributing factor, says Desi.
  • Cruciferous vegetables. Although these are packed with vitamins and minerals, veggies such as broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and Brussel sprouts can cause a lot of gas and bloating.
  • Legumes, pulses and beans (this also includes peanuts and peas)
  • Garlic, onions and mushrooms
  • Spicy foods
  • Gluten and refined carbohydrates
  • Fizzy drinks
  • Caffeine
  • Chocolate (we’re sorry!)
  • Eggs
  • Citrus

ALSO SEE: Your ultimate breastfeeding meal plan

Desi’s natural remedies to soothe a colicky baby

  • Chamomile tea and fennel tea for Mom. Although your little one shouldn’t drink these teas directly, they’re safe for you to consume when brestfeeding.
  • Mag phos tissue salt #8 – which is an anti-spasmodic. This needs to be crushed and dissolved in a little water. Simply give a spoonful to your baby just before a feed and after and then as needed.
  • Nat phos tissue salt #10 – this tissue salt will ease pains from acidity and reflux.

Although tissue salts are perfectly safe for little ones if you’re at all concerned, about dosage and directions for use, chat to a registered homeopath for more guidance.

Massage and gentle pressure

  • Rub your little one’s tummy clockwise (very gently).
  • Put a little pressure on your baby’s tummy by holding your baby upright with his tummy against you.

Natural remedies

  • Probiotics (these can be given from birth and are essential to your baby’s gut health).
  • Rescue remedy. Colic is often caused by your little one reacting to stress.
  • Homeopathic colic remedy formulas.

The post Could your baby have diet-related colic? appeared first on Living and Loving.

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