Hygiene plays a crucial component of a baby's overall care. Practicing a good hygiene is extremely important to keep your baby happy and healthy all the time.

Eight essential hygiene rules for your baby. Here are eight simple good hygiene practices to adopt when you have a baby.

  • Washing your hands with a good antibacterial soap is essential for removing harmful bacteria and germs that cause colds, flu, diarrhea and other infections. Be sure to dry your hands properly and wash your hand towels regularly. It's especially important to wash your hands before feeding your baby, after handling raw food, after changing a nappy or going to the toilet yourself, after touching pets, after touching anything dirty such as dirty nappies, rubbish or food waste.
  • You don't need to clean the house every day from top to bottom with disinfectant, you just need to pay particular attention to the surfaces that are most likely to harbour germs and bacteria. Focus on the areas that have a lot of contact with food, bodies and hands, such as bathrooms, kitchen benches, tables, crockery, cutlery and glassware. You need to be cleaning these properly. Use hot water with detergent for crockery, cutlery and glasses, while kitchens and bathrooms will need a thorough clean with a good disinfectant. Pay particular attention to taps, toilet seats, benches and door handles. Dry surfaces as well if they are not in a well-ventilated area with natural light.
  • Babies love to put things into their mouths, and toys are often the closest thing to hand. Be sure to regularly give your child's toys a clean with a good disinfectant. Wipe hard plastic toys down and make sure you rinse them thoroughly or put plush toys through the washing machine.
  • A good bath is essential for keeping your baby clean and tidy, but you need to make sure you are not over-washing as this is damaging to your baby's sensitive skin. In the first year of your baby's life a full bath is necessary only two or three times a week. Check out our step-by-step guide to bathing your baby.
  • These are three areas that need some special attention. Always keep your baby's nails well-trimmed so that they can't scratch themselves — the best time to trim them is when your baby is asleep. Be sure to use baby-sized nail clippers and not to cut the nails too short as these will hurt your baby.
  • Only wash the outside of your baby's ears, never the inside, and never insert cotton wool buds into your baby's ears. If your baby is unhappy and touching their ears repeatedly, this could be a sign of infection — be sure to get this looked at by a medical professional.
  • Clean any dried mucous from your baby's nose, as this can cause difficulty breathing. Use a damp wash cloth to gently remove the dried mucous. A nasal syringe may be needed to help remove excess mucous, but consult your baby's health practitioner before using one of these.
  • Be sure to keep your baby's eyes clear of any dried mucous. Use damp cotton wool to gently clean their eyes and seek medical attention if you notice your baby's eyes are irritated.

Understanding the difference between a food allergy and a food intolerance

Difference between a food allergy and a food intolerance

It’s common to have a physical reaction to some foods, but this doesn’t always mean that it’s a food allergy. It can just be a food intolerance. We explain the difference between the two.

The post Understanding the difference between a food allergy and a food intolerance appeared first on Living and Loving written by Xanet Scheepers .


Difference between a food allergy and a food intolerance

It’s common to have a physical reaction to some foods, but this doesn’t always mean that it’s a food allergy. It can just be a food intolerance. We explain the difference between the two.

The post Understanding the difference between a food allergy and a food intolerance appeared first on Living and Loving written by Xanet Scheepers .

Difference between a food allergy and a food intolerance

Food sensitivity among South Africans is increasing, with more children showing levels of food allergies early on.

Preliminary data from a study conducted by the South African Food Sensitisation and Food Allergy (SAFFA), shows that there is a 2.5% true allergy rate in children aged one to three. This translates to 50 000 children with a food allergy in this age group alone.

ALSO SEE: Everything you need to know about food allergies and weaning

However, it’s important to know that there is a difference between a food allergy and a food intolerance.

A true food allergy causes an immune system reaction that affects numerous organs in the body, which can cause a range of symptoms, according to Dr James Li, chair of the Division of Allergic Diseases in the Department of Internal Medicine and a board-certified asthma and allergy specialist at the Mayo Clinic. In some cases, a reaction to a food allergy can be severe and even life threatening. A food intolerance, on the other hand, is less serious and often limited to digestive problems.

People with a food intolerance can often still eat those foods in small amounts without any trouble, or even prevent a reaction. If you have a food allergy – eating any foods that affect you – can cause a life-threatening reaction, called anaphylaxis.

Symptoms of a food allergy:

  • Breathing problems
  • Throat tightness
  • Hoarseness
  • Coughing
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Hives
  • Swelling
  • A drop in blood pressure
  • Itchy skin.

ALSO SEE: How to recognise if your child has a food allergy

 Symptoms of a food intolerance

  • Nausea
  • Gas
  • Cramps
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhoea
  • Irritability
  • Nervousness

 WebMD offers the following advice to tell the difference between a food allergy and a food intolerance:

 A food allergy:

  • Is usually a sudden reaction
  • Can be triggered a small amount of food
  • Can occur every time you eat a certain food.

A food intolerance:

  • Is usually a gradual reaction
  • May only happen when you eat a lot of a certain type of food, or if you eat the food often.

Common food allergens

Peanuts, tree nuts, fish, shellfish, nuts, eggs, soy and wheat cause about 90% of food allergies, according to WebMD. Interestingly, the SAFFA study found that egg was the most common allergen, followed by peanuts, cow’s milk and fish.

Common food intolerances

The most common childhood food intolerance is lactose intolerance. Lactose intolerance occurs when your body’s unable to break down the sugar in the milk. This may be due to an insufficient lactase enzyme.

Click here for a lactose-intolerant food substitution list

The post Understanding the difference between a food allergy and a food intolerance appeared first on Living and Loving written by Xanet Scheepers .


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