Hygiene plays a crucial component of a baby's overall care. Practicing a good hygiene is extremely important to keep your baby happy and healthy all the time.

Eight essential hygiene rules for your baby. Here are eight simple good hygiene practices to adopt when you have a baby.

  • Washing your hands with a good antibacterial soap is essential for removing harmful bacteria and germs that cause colds, flu, diarrhea and other infections. Be sure to dry your hands properly and wash your hand towels regularly. It's especially important to wash your hands before feeding your baby, after handling raw food, after changing a nappy or going to the toilet yourself, after touching pets, after touching anything dirty such as dirty nappies, rubbish or food waste.
  • You don't need to clean the house every day from top to bottom with disinfectant, you just need to pay particular attention to the surfaces that are most likely to harbour germs and bacteria. Focus on the areas that have a lot of contact with food, bodies and hands, such as bathrooms, kitchen benches, tables, crockery, cutlery and glassware. You need to be cleaning these properly. Use hot water with detergent for crockery, cutlery and glasses, while kitchens and bathrooms will need a thorough clean with a good disinfectant. Pay particular attention to taps, toilet seats, benches and door handles. Dry surfaces as well if they are not in a well-ventilated area with natural light.
  • Babies love to put things into their mouths, and toys are often the closest thing to hand. Be sure to regularly give your child's toys a clean with a good disinfectant. Wipe hard plastic toys down and make sure you rinse them thoroughly or put plush toys through the washing machine.
  • A good bath is essential for keeping your baby clean and tidy, but you need to make sure you are not over-washing as this is damaging to your baby's sensitive skin. In the first year of your baby's life a full bath is necessary only two or three times a week. Check out our step-by-step guide to bathing your baby.
  • These are three areas that need some special attention. Always keep your baby's nails well-trimmed so that they can't scratch themselves — the best time to trim them is when your baby is asleep. Be sure to use baby-sized nail clippers and not to cut the nails too short as these will hurt your baby.
  • Only wash the outside of your baby's ears, never the inside, and never insert cotton wool buds into your baby's ears. If your baby is unhappy and touching their ears repeatedly, this could be a sign of infection — be sure to get this looked at by a medical professional.
  • Clean any dried mucous from your baby's nose, as this can cause difficulty breathing. Use a damp wash cloth to gently remove the dried mucous. A nasal syringe may be needed to help remove excess mucous, but consult your baby's health practitioner before using one of these.
  • Be sure to keep your baby's eyes clear of any dried mucous. Use damp cotton wool to gently clean their eyes and seek medical attention if you notice your baby's eyes are irritated.

6 tips from a sleep expert to ease your kids’ night-time separation anxiety

Night-time separation anxiety

There will come a time when your toddler doesn't want to be separated from you at bedtime either.

The post 6 tips from a sleep expert to ease your kids’ night-time separation anxiety appeared first on Living and Loving written by Living And Loving Staff .


Night-time separation anxiety

There will come a time when your toddler doesn't want to be separated from you at bedtime either.

The post 6 tips from a sleep expert to ease your kids’ night-time separation anxiety appeared first on Living and Loving written by Living And Loving Staff .

Night-time separation anxiety

Almost all toddlers go through separation anxiety at some point – it’s a normal part of their development. They usually get very clingy and cry a lot when you drop them off at crèche, or granny’s house because they know they won’t see you for a while. It’s hard leaving your child like that, but luckily this phase doesn’t last forever. But, that being said, your toddler will also go through a stage where she has night-time separation anxiety – she’ll beg and cry for you to stay with her when it’s bedtime as well.

ALSO SEE: Ages and stages of separation anxiety

Why does my toddler want to be with me all the time?

“Toddlers still need to develop their inner confidence to feel more secure when parents are not present, says Una van Staden, a sleep expert and owner of Pikanini Baby Academy. “At this age, your child doesn’t have a strong sense of time, so she doesn’t know when you’ll return. A toddler interprets the amount of time, whether you’re leaving them in a room for a few minutes or at daycare for a few hours, as the same. When an object (or in this case you) is hidden from sight, toddlers often become upset that the item has vanished for good. To help with separation anxiety, your toddler needs to know that objects continue to exist even though they can no longer be seen or heard,” explains Una. She says you should always say goodbye to your toddler when you leave her at school or granny’s house. “By sneaking out, she experiences anxiety when she realises that you’re no longer there.”

How does it affect sleep?

Most toddlers who experience separation anxiety are unsettled at nap or bedtimes. They also stop sleeping through the night and often wake up crying, wanting attention from you. While toddler separation anxiety at night means that you won’t get much sleep, remember that it’s just a phase that will pass.

In the meantime try these tips from Una:

  • Spend quality time with your toddler during the day, such as playing floor games or reading stories.
  • Play more games that include object permanence. Examples are hide and seek and peekaboo.
  • Don’t rush bedtime. Set aside at least 45 minutes for a bath and bedtime routine.
  • Settle your child in the bed you want them to sleep in for the night, so you don’t have to move them.
  • Should your toddler walk through to your room, walk her back to her room, give her a hug and explain that it’s bedtime and you will see her in the morning.
  • Give her a favourite stuffed animal as a soother and sleep companion to help her settle.

ALSO SEE: 5 toddler sleep problems sorted

It will be difficult to hear your toddler cry out at night for you, but remember that separation anxiety has a positive aspect: it shows that you and your toddler have formed a solid bond and she doesn’t want to be away from you.

More about the expert:

Una van Staden was a high school educator for 10 years before her daughter, Amy was born. She’s the proud owner of Pikanini Baby Academy, and has been trained by childhood expert Karen van Zyl. The Pikanini Brand has become a recognized and trusted source that promises expert, professional advice and services in the early childhood development field. Learn more about Una van Staden here.

The post 6 tips from a sleep expert to ease your kids’ night-time separation anxiety appeared first on Living and Loving written by Living And Loving Staff .


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