Hygiene plays a crucial component of a baby's overall care. Practicing a good hygiene is extremely important to keep your baby happy and healthy all the time.

Eight essential hygiene rules for your baby. Here are eight simple good hygiene practices to adopt when you have a baby.

  • Washing your hands with a good antibacterial soap is essential for removing harmful bacteria and germs that cause colds, flu, diarrhea and other infections. Be sure to dry your hands properly and wash your hand towels regularly. It's especially important to wash your hands before feeding your baby, after handling raw food, after changing a nappy or going to the toilet yourself, after touching pets, after touching anything dirty such as dirty nappies, rubbish or food waste.
  • You don't need to clean the house every day from top to bottom with disinfectant, you just need to pay particular attention to the surfaces that are most likely to harbour germs and bacteria. Focus on the areas that have a lot of contact with food, bodies and hands, such as bathrooms, kitchen benches, tables, crockery, cutlery and glassware. You need to be cleaning these properly. Use hot water with detergent for crockery, cutlery and glasses, while kitchens and bathrooms will need a thorough clean with a good disinfectant. Pay particular attention to taps, toilet seats, benches and door handles. Dry surfaces as well if they are not in a well-ventilated area with natural light.
  • Babies love to put things into their mouths, and toys are often the closest thing to hand. Be sure to regularly give your child's toys a clean with a good disinfectant. Wipe hard plastic toys down and make sure you rinse them thoroughly or put plush toys through the washing machine.
  • A good bath is essential for keeping your baby clean and tidy, but you need to make sure you are not over-washing as this is damaging to your baby's sensitive skin. In the first year of your baby's life a full bath is necessary only two or three times a week. Check out our step-by-step guide to bathing your baby.
  • These are three areas that need some special attention. Always keep your baby's nails well-trimmed so that they can't scratch themselves — the best time to trim them is when your baby is asleep. Be sure to use baby-sized nail clippers and not to cut the nails too short as these will hurt your baby.
  • Only wash the outside of your baby's ears, never the inside, and never insert cotton wool buds into your baby's ears. If your baby is unhappy and touching their ears repeatedly, this could be a sign of infection — be sure to get this looked at by a medical professional.
  • Clean any dried mucous from your baby's nose, as this can cause difficulty breathing. Use a damp wash cloth to gently remove the dried mucous. A nasal syringe may be needed to help remove excess mucous, but consult your baby's health practitioner before using one of these.
  • Be sure to keep your baby's eyes clear of any dried mucous. Use damp cotton wool to gently clean their eyes and seek medical attention if you notice your baby's eyes are irritated.

6 indoor activities for children

6 rainy-day indoor activities for kids

If you've run out of ideas to keep your toddler busy on rainy days, we're here to help.

The post 6 indoor activities for children appeared first on Living and Loving written by Tammy Jacks .


6 rainy-day indoor activities for kids

If you've run out of ideas to keep your toddler busy on rainy days, we're here to help.

The post 6 indoor activities for children appeared first on Living and Loving written by Tammy Jacks .

6 rainy-day indoor activities for kids

We picked 6 of our favourite indoor activities for children that are ideal for babies and toddlers:

1. Star box

Best for babies and toddlers

“Find a large, empty box. Cut off the lid flaps and one side so that when you turn it upside down, it makes a box that your little one can lie under and look at objects above her,” says occupational therapist, speaker and author Meg Faure. Cover the interior of the box with black paper, and hang and stick shiny objects like star stickers, glitter balls or fish shapes inside it. Your baby will love spending time looking at everything. If your child is older, let her help you stick objects to the box. Grab a pillow to lie beside her and talk about what you see.

2. Sort the toys

Best for toddlers

It may sound a little boring, but there’s no better time than a rainy day to clear away clutter and sort through your child’s toys. The great thing about this activity is that as you take games and toys out to be sorted, your child will rediscover old favourites and breathe new life into them, says Meg. It’s a good idea to rotate your little one’s toys and store some away for rainy days, or get your older child to decide what she wants to give away to charity or pass on to other family members. This is an opportunity to encourage kindness by talking about giving and sharing with your child.

3. Passageway maze

Best for babies and toddlers

This simple game is perfect for teaching your child body-space awareness as she will need to understand the amount of space her body takes up and how that space changes depending on which way she bends or turns, or crawls or reaches, says Lesley Cullender of Clamber Club. All you’ll need is some Prestik, streamers, string, wool and a passage in your home. Cut various lengths of the streamers or wool and stick them up in criss-cross patterns in the passage. Your little one will have loads of fun trying to crawl or move through the maze, with the added bonus of playing with various textures as she goes along. Hide a prize at the other end of the maze to encourage your child to get there.

ALSO SEE: 4 fun DIY games you can make for the kids

4. Texture mat or box

Best for babies

If you’re handy with a needle, make a simple texture mat for your baby to lie on and explore. Simply get a large blanket and sew different pieces of material you have lying around the house, such as an old T-shirt, faux fur, wool or denim, on it. Allow your little one to lie on her stomach on the blanket so she can reach for, and touch, the fabrics. “This is one of my favourite activities for babies, because tummy time on the mat is a great experience for them,” says Meg.
Not a fan of sewing? Make a simple tug box for your child. Punch holes in an old shoe box and stick ribbons, different fabrics, straws, feathers and pipe cleaners through the holes for your child to pull and play with. She may also enjoy climbing on top of the box and moving it around.

ALSO SEE: Messy play with dough, slime and sand

5. Hide teddy

Best for toddlers

Tired of playing traditional hide-and-seek? Instead of hiding yourself, hide your toddler’s favourite teddy bear in different areas of the house. Set out with your toddler to find her teddy and reward her with something fun like a snack or sticker when she discovers it. Searching for objects or people encourages children to use their imaginations and helps them develop problem-solving skills, according to the US-based Child Development Institute.

6. Build a bowling alley

Best for toddlers

There’s no need to take your child to a bowling alley. Simply use any items you can stack – like blocks, plastic containers or wooden blocks – and have a few balls ready. Let your little one sit or stand at the other end of the passage and roll the ball towards the objects. “Bowling is an active task that builds your child’s visual sense as it involves stacking objects and then knocking them over with a ball, which uses visual perception,” says Lesley.

The post 6 indoor activities for children appeared first on Living and Loving written by Tammy Jacks .


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